Thoracoscopy

Thoracoscopy at LifeCare ABS

Easy and effective diagnosis and treatment of lung diseases

Laparoscopic-Thoracoscopy-surgery-LIFECAREABS2Thoracoscopy is a procedure where a thoracoscope, a thin flexible viewing tube is inserted in the chest by making a small incision. The surgeon is able to view the magnified video image on a video screen and visually inspect the lungs, mediastinum (area between the lungs), and pleura (membrane covering the lungs and the lining of the chest cavity). Supporting cannula  may be inserted to, to perform diagnostic and curative procedures.

Purpose of  Thoracoscopy

  • Visually inspect lungs, pleura, or mediastinum for abnormalities
  • Get tissue biopsies or fluid samples from these areas to diagnose infections, cancer and other diseases
  • Therapeutically remove excess fluid in the pleural cavity or pleural cysts, or a portion of diseased lung tissue (also called wedge resection)
  • Evaluate patients with pulmonary disease, pericardium (the sac that surrounds the heart) or pleura (the lining of the chest)
  • Biopsy – obtaining a tissue sample to diagnose inflammation, infection, fibrosis and cancer
  • Perform certain types of surgeries, e.g. pericardiectomy with minimal incision

Procedure and advantage

  • A thin tube is inserted into the lungs through the patient’s mouth. The lung on the operative side is deflated (partially or completely). This creates space between the lung and chest wall to provide a clear view of the area.
  • Several small incisions are made in the chest, through which drainage tubes are inserted to remove blood during the procedure. The scope passed into the space between the lung and chest wall; transmits magnified video images of the area onto a TV screen.
  • The surgeon performs the inspection, diagnosis and tretament, as per patient requirement.
  • After the procedure, the instruments are removed, the collapsed lung is re-expanded, and the incisions  are closed with stitches or adhesive tape, leaving one open. A thin tube is inserted and left in the open incision for 1 or 2 days, to drain the air and fluid from the chest.
  • The procedure takes about 45 and 90 minutes. Thereafter, the patients vital signs and recovery are closely monitored for approx. 2 days in the hospital.

This procedure bears fewer risks, lesser postoperative pain, and much faster recovery than an open chest surgery called thoracotomy,  however, if any complications or bleeding occur, or the procedure cannot be completed satisfactorily, thoracotomy may be required.

Contact us today to know more about laparoscopic thoracoscopy.